Values

Wounds and burns in children


The most frequent and common injuries among children

Watch

Burns are one of the most common injuries among infants and children, caused by excessive exposure to a heat source. In thermal, contact or chemical burns, the wound should be cooled as soon as possible with fresh water, not too cold, and running, for 15 to 20 minutes until the pain subsides.

If the burn is small, keep it completely under water. If the clothing is adhering to the burn, don't try to take it off. Cover the injury with wet dressings (gauze or clean tissues), after cooling the burn. Don't apply soaps, ointments, ointments, or home remedies.

When the cut is greater or deeper, the edges of the skin are separated and it is necessary to give stitches to achieve the closure of the skin by bringing the two sides closer. Doctors use the stitches to sew the two sides of the wound, tying a knot at the seam and using a special thread.

Depending on the thread used, the stitches are removed after a week or 10 days, or they are absorbed on their own. A wound can also be closed using self-adhesive plasters, also known as American stitches, making a butterfly bandage, that is, in the shape of a cross.

It is very important not to get them wet because they come off with water and keep it dry for a few days.

If the incised wounds are deep, they tend to produce hemorrhages, because the object that penetrates the skin opens the blood vessels it finds.

One of the problems that these wounds can present is that they can affect structures other than the skin, such as tendons, muscles or nerves.

To stop the bleeding, the wound must be pressed with gauze for a few minutes. If the bleeding stops, clean the area well and then use an antiseptic. But if the bleeding cannot be stopped, take the child to the doctor.

Incised wounds are also known as cut wounds and are characterized by sharp separation of the edges. It is the typical wound produced by a broken glass or the edge of a can.

Superficial cuts do not usually cause bleeding, although they do bleed. In this case, it is best to clean the wound area well, then apply an antiseptic and a plaster to protect it.

Cuts or gaps on the child's head are a cause for concern for many parents.

If your child breaks through, the first thing you should do is try to stop the bleeding, pressing the place with gauze for a few minutes. Then wash the wound well, dry it gently, and look at it. If you can't stop the bleeding and your child gets dizzy and complains of a headache, take him to the emergency room.

In case the blood stops coming out, pass an antiseptic and period.

Any blow to the mouth can cause a wound or burn, and even cuts to children's lips. The lip tissue is very delicate so any trauma or blow will cause it to swell.

To relieve pain and prevent swelling, it is necessary to use an anti-inflammatory ointment on the site.

Traces of sand, asphalt or other grains may remain on children's knee erosions. These wounds are typical of scraped knees or bare elbows. In children, accidental falls are manifested, above all, in the most prominent areas of the body such as the arms or legs.

They usually occur while playing sports, during games in which it is necessary to run or during a bike ride or playing with a skateboard, scooter or skates without protectors.

Chafing is the least serious injury, because it is usually more superficial than others. These are detachments of the superficial layers of the skin that expose small blood vessels, and as a consequence cause a small capillary hemorrhage.

The elbows, as well as the knees, are the places where children most have chafing, since in a fall, they are the places that the little ones use to support themselves. To treat this type of wound, it is enough to clean the area well with soap and water or hydrogen peroxide, and then apply a layer of mercromin to prevent it from becoming infected.


Video: Paediatric Burns - Paediatric Emergencies 2020 (January 2022).