Vaccines are one of the most effective preventive strategies in the field of public health. Thanks to its application, the deaths of thousands of children are prevented annually. In fact, in some countries with very low vaccination coverage such as Angola, the infant mortality rate can reach figures as dramatic as 75 per thousand (in Spain, this rate is 25 times lower).
That vaccines are effective is an indisputable fact. However, do governments have to adopt legal / administrative sanctions for parents who decide not to vaccinate their children?The measles outbreak in Europe has reopened the debate on whether vaccines for children should be mandatory or not.
From our site we have wanted to delve into this aspect, exposing three points of view:
- Those in favor of the compulsory nature of vaccines are based on the fact that the non-administration of these can involve a risk to public health. And he is in favor of retaliating as (to take the example of the previous Italian government) prevent public schooling of unvaccinated minors.
- In Spain there is a trend towards non-sanctioning model, of a constructive and pedagogical nature. This model accredits vaccination coverage figures of over 95%, and its fundamental pillar is the Primary Care health centers. The Vaccine Advisory Committee of the Spanish Association of Pediatrics defends that it is necessary to train not only professionals, but all civil society, which must know the real benefits of being vaccinated. With this strategy it has been achieved that the population has massively adopted a proactive stance with respect to vaccines.
- There is an intermediate positioning. There are countries, such as France, whose legal framework establishes sanctions to all those families whose children have not received certain vaccines, such as that of polio, whose expansion could represent a public health alert of important dimensions.
In conclusion: Vaccination is one of the main public health strategies for reducing the number of deaths from preventable causes. Each country adopts the measures it deems appropriate to apply its vaccination schedules, establishing sanctions and / or training the population to collect the benefits of its use.
At the same time, the false myths that support the anti-vaccine trend, a trend that has toxicly populated the Internet for years, must be banished.
Through some very popular hashtags, such as #VaccinesWork, #Yovacuno or #YoMeVacuno they are trying to counteract this information.
The administration of vaccines is not usually compulsory in most countries, although in some places, such as Australia, the non-vaccination of children entails a tax penalty for parents.
And it is that vaccinating children represents, beyond the individual advantage of protect the little ones, an act of solidarity, since the global disappearance of diseases is promoted.
Despite the recent boom in the 'anti-vaccine trend', vaccines have a high security profile and a low rate of side effects and complications.
Vaccines are, in short, a progress symbol, and its appearance in 1796 was one of the greatest health milestones in history.
You can read more articles similar to Vaccinations for children: should they be mandatory?, in the category of Children's Diseases on site