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Control hypertension in pregnancy


One of my friends just gave birth. "I was 37 weeks old, but I already had my baby," she said smiling. The tension had risen a month ago and the medical advice was to cause labor to give birth as soon as possible for the sake of her health and the well-being of her baby.

The problem was pre-eclampsia, a disease typical of pregnancy, which occurred without warning and changed this mother's plans by advancing events.

The baby is beautiful, has weighed 2 kilos 540 grams and has not required an incubator. His mother is perfectly, radiant and happy to have her baby in her arms and to have ended the nightmare of uncertainty. Everything has gone well. I should have gotten pregnant earlier, she said, so I wouldn't have had a risk of pre-eclampsia because hypertension is related to the mother's late age for gestation.

But, the truth is that this is not the only cause and life comes as it comes. It is true that it tends to be more common in pregnant women around 40 years of age, in first pregnancies, in multiple pregnancies and in women with a history of diabetes, high blood pressure or kidney disease.

Preeclampsia can affect 5 to 8 percent of pregnant women from week 20, although the most common is that it appears towards the end, from week 30. High blood pressure, fluid retention that manifests with swelling in the hands and face, the sudden increase weight loss, headaches, blurred vision, arrhythmias, and protein in the urine are the most common manifestations of preeclampsia.

Although this disease can be controlled, if it is detected early, it prevents intrauterine growth, favors the reduction of amniotic fluid and, in extreme cases, can cause premature detachment of the placenta, but in this case none of this happened because the Prenatal checkups prevented the disease from progressing and causing damage to both the mother and the baby.

Therefore, it is a medical condition that should not be taken lightly. If it is detected in time, the future mother should rest at home to reduce stress, rest as much as possible, follow a proper diet and take medication. Only after giving birth to her baby, the mother will be cured because almost all women who suffer pre-eclampsia in their pregnancy and who, in turn, suffer from chronic high blood pressure, achieve that the blood pressure returns to normal once have given birth to their babies.

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Video: Pre Eclampsia - Overview pathophysiology, presentation, treatment (December 2021).